120th Birth Anniversary Of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

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118th Birth Anniversary Of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose


The birthday of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in 2015 would be celebrated on 23rd of January at Friday. It would be celebrated as the 118th birthday anniversary of the Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.


Subhash Chandra Bose Facts:

Born: Born on 23rd of January in 1897 in the Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province, India.
Died: Died on 18th of August in the year 1945
Nationality: Indian
Religion: Hinduism
Education: University of Calcutta
Famous for: Figure of Indian independence movement
Title:
President of the Indian National Congress (in 1938)
General of Azad Hind army (from 1943 to 1945)
Political party: Indian National Congress and Forward Bloc
Family:
Mother: Prabhavati Devi
Father: Janakinath Bose
Spouse: Emilie Schenkl


Children: Anita Bose Pfaff

Subhas Chandra Bose birthday anniversary is celebrated every year with the great honour by the people including government and non government organizations. As he was one of the most well known Indian leaders during the independence movement, he has become a great legendary figure in the history of India.
It has been demanded by the Netaji’s followers to celebrate his birthday anniversary as a “Desh Prem Divas” in order to re-memorize his great sacrifice towards the country.

Life

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January, 1897 in Cuttack (Orissa) to Janakinath Bose and Prabhavati Devi. Subhash was the ninth child among eight brothers and six sisters. His father, Janakinath Bose, was an affluent and successful lawyer in Cuttack and received the title of “Rai Bahadur”. He, later became a member of the Bengal Legislative Council.

Subhash Chandra Bose was a very intelligent and sincere student but never had much interest in sports. He passed his B.A. in Philosophy from the Presidency College in Calcutta. He was strongly influenced by Swami Vivekananda’s teachings and was known for his patriotic zeal as a student. He also adored Vivekananda as his spiritual Guru. 

British Professor Thrashed

After reading so many incidents about the exploitation of the fellow Indians by the British, Subhash decided to take revenge. In 1916, Subhash reportedly beat and thrashed one of his British teachers E F Otten. The professor made a racist remark against the Indian students. As a result, Bose was expelled from the Presidency College and banished from Calcutta University. The incident brought Subhash in the list of rebel-Indians. In December 1921, Bose was arrested and imprisoned for organizing a boycott of the celebrations to mark the Prince of Wales’s visit to India.

Indian Civil Service

His father wanted Netaji to become a civil servant and therefore, sent him to England to appear for the Indian Civil Service Examination. Bose was placed fourth with highest marks in English. But his urge for participating in the freedom movement was intense that in April 1921, Bose resigned from the coveted Indian Civil Service and came back to India. Soon, he left home to become an active member of India’s independence movement. He, later joined the Indian National Congress, and also elected as the president of the party.

Subhash with Congress

Initially, Subhash Chandra Bose worked under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das, an active member of Congress in Calcutta. It was Chittaranjan Das, who along with Motilal Nehru, left Congress and founded the Swaraj Party in 1922. Subhash would regard Chittaranjan Das as his political guru.

While Chittaranjan Das was busy in developing the national strategy, Subhash Chandra Bose played a major role in enlightening the students, youths and labors of Calcutta. He was eagerly waiting to see India, as an independent, federal and republic nation.

Dispute in the Congress

People began to recognize Bose by his name and associated him with the freedom movement. Bose had emerged as a popular youth leader. He was admired for his great skills in organization development. 

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose In 1928, during the Guwahati Session of the Congress, a difference in the opinion between the old and new members surfaced. The young leaders, as against the traditional leadership, wanted a “complete self-rule and without any compromise”. The senior leaders were in favor of the “dominion status for India within the British rule”. 

The differences were between moderate Gandhi and aggressive Subhash Chandra Bose was swelling. The state was so intense that Subhash Chandra Bose had to defeat Pattabhi Sitaramayya, a presidential candidate, nominated by Gandhiji himself. Bose had won the election but without any second thought he resigned from the party. He, then formed the Forward Bloc in 1939.

Formation of INA

During the Second World War in September, 1939, Subhash Chandra Bose decided to initiate a mass movement. He started uniting people from all over the country. There was a tremendous response to his call and the British promptly imprisoned him. In jail, he refused to accept food for around two weeks. When his health condition deteriorated, fearing violent reactions across the country, the authority put him under house-arrest. 

During his house-arrest, in January, 1941, Subhash made a planned escape. He first went to Gomoh in Bihar and from there he went on to Peshawar (now, Pakistan). He finally reached Germany and met Hitler. Bose had been living together with his wife Emilie Schenkl in Berlin. In 1943, Bose left for south-east Asia and raised the army. The group was later named by Bose, as the Indian National Army (INA).

All India Forward Bloc

He had planned the Forward Bloc on 22nd of June in the year 1939 to consolidate with the left political career. Muthuramalingam Thevar was his big political supporter who had arranged a huge rally during Subhash Chandra Bose’s visit to the Madurai on 6th of September.
From 1941 to 1943, he had lived in the Berlin. He led the Azad Hind Fauj through his eminent quotation like “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!”. In his speech on 6th of July in the year 1944, he said Mahatma Gandhi the “Father of the Nation” which was broadcasted by the Singapore Azad Hind Radio. His other famous quote was “Dilli Chalo” to encourage the INA armies. “Jai Hind”, “Glory to India!” was an additional slogan generally used by him which was later accepted by the Indian Government and Indian Armed Forces.
Japanese Prime Minister (Shinzo Abe) on his visit to the Subhash Chandra Bose’s memorial hall in the Kolkata on 23rd of August in 2007 said that, Japanese are extremely motivated by the strong will of the Bose in order to lead the independence movement in India from the British rule. He is a great personality and cherished name in the Japan.

Visit to England

During his sojourn to England, he met with the leaders of British Labor Party and political thinkers including Clement Attlee, Arthur Greenwood, Harold Laski, G.D.H. Cole, and Sir Stafford Cripps. Bose also discuss with them about the future of India. It must also be noted that it was during the regime of the Labor Party (1945-1951), with Attlee as the Prime Minister, that India gained independence.

Disappearance

Although it was believed that Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose died in a plane crash, his body was never recovered. There have so many theories been put forward regarding his abrupt desertion. The government of India set up a number of committees to investigate the case and come out with truth. 

In May 1956, the Shah Nawaz Committee visited Japan to look into the situation of Bose’s assumed death. Citing their lack of political relations with Taiwan, the Centre, did not seek for the assistance from their government. The reports of Justice Mukherjee Commission, tabled in Parliament on 17 May, 2006 said, “Bose did not die in the plane crash and the ashes at Renkoji temple are not his”. However, the findings were rejected by the government of India.

Quotes of Subhash Chandra Bose

  • “Freedom is not given, it is taken”.
  • “One individual may die for an idea; but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives. That is how the wheel of evolution moves on and the ideas and dreams of one nation are bequeathed to the next”.
  • “You give me your blood and I will give you Independence!”.

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